Volterra is located in the Tuscan province of Pisa. Inhabited since Neolithic times, the city knows the Villanova culture on which flourishes the civilization of the Etruscans, in the VIII century. Its name derives in fact from the Etruscan language, which then was transformed into the Latin “Volterrae”.
Built on a hilly ridge between the Era and Cecina valleys and surrounded by a double curtain of walls, Volterra is one of the most important centers of Tuscany. It’s famous for the presence of monuments that attest the different civilizations happened one after the other in course of thirty centuries and for Tuscan alabaster workmanship, whose manufactured products are now one of the most typical and traditional products of Italian craftsmanship.
Today, it’s a town not yet contaminated by the dizzying pace of contemporary life and those which arrive on the Volterra hill have the immediate impression of being in front of a particular city, where you have the feeling to live in Ancient times.
His appearance is essentially that of a typical medieval village visible in the urban layout, narrow lanes, historical buildings, tower-houses and churches, but it retains abundant remains of the Etruscan period, such as the “Porta all’Arco” of the IV century, the Acropolis and the boundary wall still visible in some areas of the city.
The Roman presence in Volterra is documented by the important ruins of the “Theatre of Vallebona” of Augustan Age; by the spa buildings and a large tank of water.
In addition to the monuments and the numerous testimonies of art and history, Volterra offers the vision of the gentle hill landscape by which it is surrounded, interrupted at west by the wild and impressive spectacle of Balze.
The phenomenon of erosion has determined the destruction of the ancient Etruscan and Italic necropolis, of the most ancient Christian churches and the ruin of the Camaldolese Abbey of the XI century.